Last Update: Wednesday, July 23, 2014

Israel Quietly Sends Migrants to Sudan PDF Print E-mail
Written by Daniel Estrin   
Thursday, 28 February 2013 05:56

JERUSALEM — Israel has quietly repatriated hundreds of Sudanese migrants in recent months, drawing accusations from rights groups that it has coerced the Africans into potentially life-threatening situations and possibly violated international norms for treating refugees.

Israel says the departures have been voluntary, but they follow mass arrests of migrants and vows by Israeli leaders to halt the influx.

Over the past eight years, as many as 60,000 African migrants, mostly Sudanese and Eritrean, have sneaked across Israel's border with Egypt's lawless Sinai desert, some fleeing repressive regimes and others looking for work and better conditions. Israel initially tolerated their arrival but has since grown jittery as their numbers swelled, turning some neighborhoods into immigrant slums.

Leaders warn the migrants are a burden and threaten the country's Jewish character.

Over the past year or so, Israel has taken a series of steps to halt the flow. It has built a fence along the border with Egypt that has reduced the number of new arrivals from hundreds each month to just a trickle. Since last summer, it has imprisoned new arrivals, while officials determine whether they meet the criteria for refugee status.

About 2,500 migrants are now believed to be in Israeli detention centers awaiting decisions.

According to advocacy groups that assist the migrants, Israel began shuttling Sudanese migrants out of the country in December. Since Israel has no relations with Sudan, the flights have been routed through third countries, which migrants have identified as Jordan and Egypt.

Sudan is hostile to Israel. It is ruled by Omar al-Bashir, an Islamist who has been indicted by the International Criminal Court on charges of genocide and crimes against humanity for his country's actions in the rebellion in Darfur.

One migrant still in Israel told The Associated Press a friend of his was killed after going home. "No matter how you look at it, it is an expulsion with almost certainty of death," said Orit Marom, advocacy coordinator for Assaf, a migrant aid organization.

Sabine Haddad, spokeswoman for Israel's Interior Ministry, confirmed that a few hundred migrants have left, and said all had done so voluntarily. In some cases, she said Israel provided some financial assistance. "Some asked for money, for help. We did give money," she said. "No one is kicking them out ... (but) you can't prevent them from leaving if they want to."

The presence of the Africans has put Israel in a difficult position. Israel, founded in the wake of the Holocaust, has a long history of providing shelter to Jews who fled persecution, and scenes of haggard migrants reaching Israel initially aroused great sympathy.

Some counter that the persecution of Jews in the Holocaust should not put extra burdens on Israel to look out for the welfare of others.

Israel also is bound by an international treaty that prohibits the expulsion of refugees, but many reject the premise that the Africans qualify.

Israel has long argued that the vast majority of the Africans are economic migrants looking for jobs. Critics say this ignores the dangers Africans face by going home, and that Israel has dragged its feet in evaluating the refugee requests.

Mutasim Ali, a 26-year-old migrant from the war-ravaged Darfur region in Sudan who works at a Tel Aviv hotel, said he knows at least 70 people who have returned to Sudan.

He said he some have told him they were detained at the Khartoum airport, and Sudanese authorities have confiscated other returnees' property and documents. He said his best friend left for Sudan voluntarily, and shortly after, he heard from his friend's brother that he had been killed. "Many people prefer to die in their own country with dignity than to be humiliated every day in Israel," said Ali.

Sigal Rozen, a migrants' rights activist, said Israel has plastered signs in prisons warning detainees what may befall them.

According to Israel's 2012 law, migrants from Eritrea may remain in prison for up to three years, while the Sudanese could theoretically remain in prison indefinitely because Sudan is an enemy country.

Last Updated on Thursday, 28 February 2013 05:57

Team members care for thousands of the region's sickest children with heart conditions, including fetuses, newborns, infants, children, adolescents, and adult, long-term patients with pediatric cardiovascular conditions. At Children's families experience coordinated, next-generation care, delivered by a compassionate, multidisciplinary team of leaders in the pediatric cardiology field. One of the largest pediatric cardiovascular programs in the region. Studies have shown that high volumes are associated with high quality and better outcomes, because experience is a major factor in quality of care. Wort was traditionally prescribed in parts of Europe for depression (in addition to use as a general-purpose tea), and Chinese medicine developed elaborate lists of herbs and preparations. With the scientific revolution in Europe and the United States, the use of traditional herbal remedies fell out of favor with the mainstream medical establishment, although a few people continued to use and maintain knowledge of traditional European herblore. In the early 20th century, scientists began reassessing this rejection of traditional herbs in medicine. Vorzüge eines intakten und lebendigen Gemeinschaftslebens bewahren. Dafür sorgen nicht zuletzt gut 120 lokale Vereine. Als wichtiger Faktor im Kulturleben haben sich die zahlreichen Museen und einige Kunstgalerien erwiesen. Descriptive and quantitative transcriptome analyses are important for interpreting the functional elements of the genome and revealing the molecular constituents of cells and tissues. It is known that sperm function can be affected by ASG proteins, including the processes of capacitation and the acrosome reaction, as well as canadian pharmacy accutane sperm motility, DNA integrity and interaction with the oocyte. BSPs (bovine seminal plasma protein, unigene 64,588 and unigene 69,768), fertilin (unigene 17,270 and unigene 27,136), ACE (Angiotensin converting enzyme, unigene 7,164 and unigene 21,069), GPX5 (glutathione peroxidase, epididymal secretory glutathione peroxidase, unigene15860), Spermadhesin-1 (Acidic seminal fluid protein, aSFP). The reproduction-related transcripts identified in the ASG and testis transcritptomes in E. This interaction of PDC-109 with the sperm cell membrane results in an efflux of cholesterol and choline phospholipids, that appears to be important for capacitation. The main changes in spermatozoa that occur during epididymal maturation are the ability to move, recognize and bind to the ZP, and to fuse with the plasma membrane of the oocyte.. Oct 2004, Adelaide, Australia. Ziaian T, Augostinos, M. Relationship Between Acculturation and Mental Well-being Among Young Persian Women Living in Australia. Paper presented at the Educational Research conference, 18th November 2004, Adelaide, Australia. Ziaian T, Stress Management: an introduction of holistic coping strategies. A Four day Course for the higher degree students. Targeted molecular therapy for advanced epithelial ovarian cancer. Minimally invasive surgery for gynecological cancer. Pharmaceutical Sciences from Shizuoka College of Pharmacy (1976, Japan). He has completed his B. Prophylactic removal of nevi without clinically worrisome characteristics is not recommended. The reasons for this are practical: many individuals in these families have a large number of nevi, and complete removal of them all is not feasible, since new atypical nevi continue to develop. In addition, individuals with increased susceptibility to melanoma may have cancer arise de novo, without a precursor lesion such as a nevus. The disadvantages of screening include the limitations of available noninvasive testing methods and the risks associated with invasive screening procedures. ERCP is the gold standard for identifying early cancers and precancerous lesions in the pancreas..