Leaving college and entering the “real world” can bring about a mixture of excitement and anxiety. I remember feeling as if the possibilities were endless, but also feeling uncertainty about where or how to start the next phase of my life.
You may have countless opportunities ahead of you and will also likely face a few new challenges — including managing income, expenses and (often) student loans. Wherever you are, getting your finances in order could help you be better able to focus on enjoying life as a new grad.
By taking the following steps on the path to achieving financial independence, you’ll be setting yourself up for a stronger financial future.
1. Create a budget
No matter what your future income might be, it’s important to put a realistic budget in place based on what your current income is in order to live within your means. For example, if you make $2,000 per month, your expenses, savings and investments combined should not exceed that number. While budgeting typically means setting limitations, you may be surprised how much freedom the certainty of having a budget can give you.
To start, follow this step-by-step guide to creating a monthly budget:
Calculate your income. The first step is to calculate all of your monthly income from your work pay, side-gigs, regular financial support you may get from family and/or any other funds coming in on a regular basis.
Evaluate your expenses. List all of your expenses, including rent, food, transportation, loan payments, entertainment, etc. Taking an objective look at the list, break your expenses into “wants” versus “needs.” When calculating, don’t forget to put money aside for taxes if you take on contract or freelancing work.
Track, trim and target. Once you start tracking, you may be surprised to learn where your money goes. Take a hard look at your expenses and start eliminating unnecessary spending by evaluating your wants. Sometimes reducing expenses is easier than cutting costs. Remember, your budget is a living document and you can always make adjustments and reevaluate as necessary.
There are many free tools at your disposal to help you create and stick to a budget. Online resources and apps can help you keep track of your income and expenses, making it easier to stick to your budget. To get started, try this Budgeting Calculator.
2. Prioritize paying off your student loans
Whether you have a student loan or other loan, you will drastically reduce the amount of money you will pay over the term of the loan by making extra payments towards the balance on those that have the highest interest rates. It may be tempting to defer or pay the minimums on your student loans, but the longer you wait to pay them off, the more interest will accrue. Making more than the minimum payment, even by a little, will help you reach your goal faster.
3. Build a safety net
You should aim to have three to six months of basic living expenses in your savings account as an emergency fund. You never know when you might need a car repair, lose your job or have to handle an unexpected financial emergency. These expenses could put you in a tough place if you don’t have a safety net, forcing you to miss loan payments (and incur penalties or fees) or take on interest-accruing debt.
4. Take control of your credit
Having a good credit score can help you get approved for a loan when you go to buy a car or home. A higher score can also save you money by helping you get a lower interest rate on loans and credit lines. Paying bills on time and only using a small portion of your available credit on credit cards are two good first steps to building a healthy credit history.
5. Optimize your savings
One of the easiest ways to build up your savings is to automate the process where possible. If your employer offers a retirement savings plan, you may be able to put a portion of your paycheck directly into the account each month. Some employers also match a portion of your contributions, meaning extra money going into your retirement account.
If you don’t have an employer-sponsored account, you could still set up automatic transfers to a savings account. Or, if you get paid via direct deposit, you may be able to automatically have part of your paycheck directly deposited into a savings account.
Ideally, you might aim to save 15 to 20 percent of your income—more if circumstances allow. If you can’t put that much aside right away, you could start with a smaller percentage and then increase it slightly every few months as your income-to-expenses ratio allows.
6. Invest in your future
Once you have an emergency fund, sufficient savings and feel financially stable, you can look into investing your money. Starting to invest early in your life can lead to great long-term gains, as you’ll have decades during which your earnings can compound.
There are numerous apps that can help you save and invest your money, including ones that automatically review your checking account and invest the money you don’t need right now. You can also research investment options to find the best fit for your financial situation before making a commitment.
7. Reward yourself
Financially preparing yourself for post-graduate life doesn’t necessarily mean living as frugally as possible. Rather, you should strive to strike a balance between financial stability and enjoying the kind of lifestyle that allows you to live within your means and take steps towards reaching financial independence, while on occasion rewarding yourself for your accomplishments.
Try to build wiggle room into your budget so you can treat yourself. Rewards don’t have to be extravagantly expensive, but determining what’s important to you and finding a balance between discipline and fun can lead to long-term success while budgeting.
Life as a new grad can be exciting and daunting. Taking some simple steps to ensure that you’re on the right track financially can make the transition as smooth as possible and set you up for a strong financial future.
Hugh Norton directs Visa’s fi-nancial education programs. To follow Practical Money Skills on Twitter: www.twitter.com/Prac-ticalMoney
This article is intended to pro-vide general information and should not be considered legal, tax or financial advice. It’s al-ways a good idea to consult a legal, tax or financial advisor for specific information on how certain laws apply to you and about your individual finan-cial situation.