Federal authorities have arrested eight people named in a federal grand jury indictment that alleges check-kiting schemes that used hundreds of altered Armenian passports to fraudulently open bank accounts and steal nearly $1.5 million from Bank of America and Wells Fargo.

The investigation led by US Immigration and Customs Enforcement’s Homeland Security Investigations found that the defendants obtained genuine Armenian passports issued to other people, altered the passports to include the photos of the defendants, and used the fraudulent documents to obtain other identity documents and to open bank accounts at the victim banks.

The 36-count indictment alleges that the defendants used the bank accounts, which were opened in the names that appeared on the altered passports, to write bad checks to other fraudulently obtained bank accounts.

The defendants allegedly exploited bank rules that allowed them to transfer money from one account to another, and then to immediately withdraw funds at ATMs in Las Vegas casinos and other locations before the checks bounced.

The indictment alleges that the defendants used 331 fraudulently altered Armenian passports to steal, or attempt to steal, $1,556,336 from Bank of America. They actually obtained approximately $1.12 million.

Three of the defendants were also charged with perpetrating a similar fraud scheme against Wells Fargo that resulted in a loss of approximately $370,000.

The defendants arrested on May 30 include:

·         Ara Malkhasyan, 48, of Winnetka;

·         Smbat Khechumyan, 38, of North Hollywood;

·         Sveta Khechumyan, 45, of Winnetka, who is Smbat’s sister and the wife of Malkhasyan;

·         Harutyun Petrosyants, 30, of Van Nuys;

·         Artur Harutyunyan, 34, of Encino;

·         Khachatur Chobanyan, 38 of Van Nuys;

·         Jivan Hakhnazaryan, 49, of Van Nuys; and

·         Arman Grigoryan, 37, of North Hollywood.

A ninth defendant in this case – Artak Okhoyan, 29, of Burbank – agreed through his attorney to surrender to federal authorities.

The indictment charges all of the defendants with conspiracy to commit bank fraud, a charge that carries a statutory maximum penalty of 30 years in federal prison. Additionally, all of the defendants are charged in at least one substantive count of bank fraud and aggravated identity theft.